German Gothic Architecture
In contrast, churches built of stone tend to have less embellishment on their exteriors, due in part to the greater cost of stone carving. This included stained glass windows, sculpture, architecture, and painted murals. Photo by Ignacio Ferre Pérez from flickrLeón is a city located in northern Spain and was once the capital of the powerful Kingdom of León.
- In addition to religious figures, many Gothic cathedrals are heavily ornamented with strange, leering creatures.
- The Gothic style allowed for taller and more slender churches, with large windows that let in more light.
- Another noticeable feature of Gothic architecture is the use of spires and towers in their design.
- By doing so they created the largest cathedral in the entire French region.
- The outward thrust against the walls was countered by the weight of buttresses and later flying buttresses.
- The cathedral displays a few features of the Rayonnant style of the later period with its use of high windows in the choir, which were added in the 1250s.
The rose window consists of an outer row of panels that consist of Lancastrian red roses which alternate with the white and red Tudor roses in every second panel. This was symbolic of the joining together of the Houses of York and Lancaster, when in 1486 Henry VII and Elizabeth of York married, creating the House of Tudor which was to be the new ruling house. The site on which York Minster was constructed was first used to build a temporary church for the king of Northumbria, King Edwin to https://best-of-istanbul.com/ be baptized. To help prevent further damage and to protect the area, the cathedral was fortified just before the Ottoman Invasion in the 15th century. Many years later it would once again be damaged due to the Zagreb Earthquake of 1880. When it was once again restored it was reconstructed in the Neo-Gothic style by Hermann Bollé. 1185ArchitectHugh of Avalon (1140 – 1200)Function of BuildingCathedralLincoln Cathedral is regarded as one of the high points of English Gothic architecture.
Romanesque Vs Gothic
Despite being suddenly cast out as medieval monstrosities, Gothic styles continued to be built over the centuries, with a large Gothic revival occurring in Victorian times. 1220ArchitectRobert of Luzarches (c. 13th century)Function of BuildingCathedralThe Amiens Cathedral is situated in Amiens on a ridge overlooking the Somme River. It is the seat of the Bishop of Amiens and was built as a Roman Catholic church. Construction on the cathedral began in 1220 and was completed around 1270, which for a Gothic church is a very short time. This has resulted in a rather unusual unity of style, as many other Gothic buildings were built over the span of hundreds of years and therefore were subject to several different phases and styles during their construction.
How Can You Help Architecture Of Cities?
Today, Siena is one of the most popular tourist destinations in Italy, and its Gothic architecture is a big part of the appeal. Visitors from all over the world come to see the beautiful buildings and experience the city’s rich history. Built in the 12th and 13th centuries, they stand over 12 meters tall and have nine gates and 88 towers. The walls are also a prime example of how Gothic architecture was used to fortify a city. Easily the greatest Gothic cathedral in Germany, Cologne Cathedral (Kölner Dom) has been Cologne’s most famous landmark for centuries. Once the tallest building in the world, it still has the largest facade anywhere.